LCSO Tip of the Week – Fire Safety at Home Pt. 2

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Jun2016 Lincoln County Sheriff's Office LCSO Star Logo Law EnforcementOFFICE OF THE SHERIFF

Sheriff Curtis L. Landers

225 W. Olive Street

Newport, Oregon 97365

Tel (541) 265-4277

Fax  (541) 265-4926

TIP OF THE WEEK

Date: October 10, 2016

FIRE SAFETY AT HOME PT. 2

As we mentioned in last week’s tip, Fire Prevention Week is October 9-15, 2016. Last week’s tip discussed fires in the home caused by cooking and smoking materials. This tip contains more information from the National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) which can be found at www.nfpa.org.

Heating
* The leading factor contributing to heating equipment fires was failure to clean. This usually involved creosote build-up in chimneys.
* Portable or fixed space heaters, including wood stoves, were involved in one-third of home heating fires and four out of five home heating deaths.
* Just over half of home heating fire deaths resulted from fires caused by heating equipment too close to things that can burn, such as upholstered furniture, clothing, mattresses or bedding.
* In most years, heating equipment is the second leading cause of home fires, fire deaths, and fire injuries.

Electrical
* Electrical failures or malfunctions can cause fires in wiring, cords, lighting and any other type of equipment that uses electricity.
* Electrical failure or malfunctions caused an estimated 44,900 home fires in 2013, resulting in 410 deaths and $1.3 billion in direct property damage.

Candles
* During 2009-2013, candles caused 3% of home fires, 3% of home fire deaths, 6% of home fire injuries, and 5% of direct property damage from home fires.
* On average, there are 25 home candle fires reported per day.
* More than one-third of these fires (36%) started in the bedroom.
* Nearly three in five candle fires start when things that can burn are too close to the candle.
* Falling asleep was a factor in 11% of the home candle fires and 30% of the associated deaths.
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Smoke alarms
* Three out of five home fire deaths in 2009-2013 were caused by fires in homes with no smoke alarms or no working smoke alarms.
* Working smoke alarms cut the risk of dying in half in reported home fires.
* In fires considered large enough to activate the smoke alarm, hardwired alarms operated 94% of the time, while battery powered alarms operated 80% of the time.
* When smoke alarms fail to operate, it is usually because batteries are missing, disconnected, or dead.
* An ionization smoke alarm is generally more responsive to flaming fires and a photoelectric smoke alarm is generally more responsive to smoldering fires. For the best protection, or where extra time is needed to awaken or assist others, both types of alarms, or a combination of ionization and photoelectric alarms are recommended.

Escape planning
* According to an NFPA survey, only one-third of Americans have both developed and practiced a home fire escape plan.
* Almost three-fourths of Americans do have an escape plan; however, the majority never practiced it.
* One-third of survey respondents who made an estimate thought they would have at least 6 minutes before a fire in their home would become life threatening. However, the time actually available is often less than that. Only 8% said their first thought when hearing a smoke alarm would be to get out.

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