OFFICE OF THE SHERIFF
Sheriff Curtis L. Landers
225 W. Olive Street
Newport, Oregon 97365
Tel (541) 265-4277
Fax (541) 265-4926
TIP OF THE WEEK
Date: October 3, 2016
FIRE SAFETY AT HOME PT. 1
Fire Prevention Week is October 9-15, 2016. This tip and next week’s tip focus on fire safety in the home. The information comes from the National Fire Protection Association which can be found at www.nfpa.org.
• Half of home fire deaths result from fires that are reported between 11 p.m. and 7 a.m. when most people are asleep. However, only one in five home fires were reported during these same hours.
• One-fourth of home fire deaths were caused by fires that started in the bedroom. Another fourth resulted from fires in the living room, family room or den.
• Three out of five home fire deaths occur from fires in homes with no smoke alarms or no working smoke alarms.
• In 2014, U.S. fire departments responded to an estimated 367,500 home structure fires. These fires caused 2,745 deaths, 11,825 civilian injuries, and $6.8 billion in direct damage.
• On average, seven people die in U.S. home fires every day.
• Cooking equipment is the leading cause of home fire injuries.
• Smoking materials are the leading cause of home fire deaths.
• U.S. fire departments responded to an estimated annual average of 162,400 cooking-related fires between 2009-2013 resulting in 430 civilian deaths, 5,400 civilian injuries and $1.1 billion in direct damage.
• Two out of five home fires started in the kitchen.
• Unattended cooking was a factor in one-third of reported home cooking fires.
• Frying is the leading activity associated with cooking fires.
• Clothing was the item first ignited in less than 1% of home cooking fires, but these incidents accounted for 18% of cooking fire deaths.
• Children under five face a higher risk of non-fire burns due to cooking and hot food rather than being hurt in a cooking fire.
• Children under five accounted for 30% of the 4,300 microwave oven scald burns seen in hospital emergency rooms during 2014.
• More than half of the people who were injured in home fires by cooking equipment were hurt while attempting to fight the fire themselves.
• Smoking materials started an average of 18,300 smoking-material home structure fires per year during 2009-2013. These fires caused an average of 560 deaths, 1,260 injuries and $553 million in direct property damage per year.
• Most deaths in home smoking-material fires were caused by fires that started in bedrooms (40%) or living rooms, family rooms or dens (35%).
• Sleep was a factor in roughly one-third of the home smoking material fire deaths.
• Possible alcohol impairment was a factor in one in five (19%) of home smoking fire deaths.
• One out of four fatal victims of smoking-material fires is not the smoker whose cigarette started the fire.
Next week’s tip will discuss fires caused by heating equipment, having an escape plan and smoke alarms.